Dakota Pathways HOME South Dakota Public Broadcasting
Glossary Frequently Asked Questions Links HELP!!

Teacher's Guide

New Related Resources:

Images of the Past: History Blog During this activity your students will review many blogs entries. Then your students will write a historical blog about an event that took place in your community. Your students will also learn about the career of Jessie Yuill Sundstrom, whose papers, photographs and manuscript collection detail an incredible lifelong commitment to Black Hills history.

Winter Count Lesson Plans (Native American Studies) These lesson plans help students understand winter counts. Winter counts were pictographic historical records used by many Plains Indian Nations to maintain a communal memory and aid the groups' oral historians. Additional winter count resources.

Point of View: First & Third Person During this activity your students will practice writing using first person and third person points of view. They will learn how pronouns like I, me, my, mine, myself, we, us and ours are used to write first person point of view. They will also learn how pronouns like them, they, he, she, his, her, and theirs are used to write the third person point of view.

Things To Do
1. Print out the guided notes and distribute to class.
2. Watch Dakota Pathways Episode #10 and have the students complete the guided notes.
3. Go online and complete the "Activity" (word search) and “Challenge” quiz.
4. Student glossary included.
5. There is a list of related links that would be helpful for student research projects.
6. Print out the crossword puzzle and distribute to class.
7. Class Activity – Events to Remember
8. Standards

1. Guided Notes
Guided Notes (Student)
Guided Notes - Answers  (Teacher) (PDF)

2. Online Episode of Dakota Pathways Episode #10

3. Online games
a. Have the students access the main page of Dakota Pathways. The word search is found by clicking “Activity”. Answer key for word search.
b. Have the students access the main page of Dakota Pathways. The online quiz is found by clicking “Challenge”.

4. Glossary
a. Have the students access the main page of Dakota Pathways. We have included a student glossary.

5. Links
a. We have included an extensive list of related sites. We preview each related site looking for adult content. Unfortunately, we cannot find all of the inappropriate material on an individual site. Please call us Toll Free at 1-800-456-0766 if you find any questionable content and we will remove it. Thank you.

6. Crossword Puzzle
a. The students may use the vocabulary words and definitions for the crossword puzzle if they need help. Puzzle (PDF) - Answers (PDF)

7. Class Activity – Events to Remember.

Meaningful newsworthy events take place everyday. The events may make worldwide headlines like the South Dakota Senate election of 2004 or the tsunami, which devastated Asia in December of the same year. Millions of lives can change in a few minutes. Events may be regional like a basketball team winning a state tournament. We also find local events like the Smiths visiting the O’donalds for a game of Hearts and a piece of pie.

News events are presented to the public in many forms such as radio bulletins, the 10 o’clock local news, and newspaper and magazine articles. We will use newspaper and magazine articles in today’s activities. The students will use articles to make a Native American Winter Count.


1. Old tee-shirt (white, tan or gray)
-A white dish towel, piece of cloth or piece of paper may be used if a shirt is not available. The shirt would be better because the child could wear the shirt during the presentation.

2. Scissors if using the dish towel or paper.

3. Web-site of symbols – I have included a web-site of typical symbols, but I would suggest having the students make their own symbols for more of a challenge. You can decide what works best for your group.  

4. Many newspaper and magazine articles - The activity is designed to spark an interest in reading newspapers and magazines.

5. Permanent markers. (caution – huffing could be a concern)
-You may choose to use watercolor makers and paper instead. The choice will depend upon the maturity of your group.  

In class day 1:

1. Explain the function of a Winter Count. There are two web-sites found in the “Links” section, which will be helpful. Traditionally a Winter Count was an animal hide kept by an elder Native American. The hide was used to record the major event of the season. The most memorable event of the year would be chosen and then drawn on the hide. Elders would use the hide as a visual aide as they told stories about great hunts, horrible winters and new life.

2. The students need to choose an article that will be converted to a Winter Count hide. The students should check their choice with you. This will eliminate overlap of selections. Home Project: (could be completed in class if you have time)

3. The students need to summarize the entire article with one picture. They should take their time, including as much visual detail as possible.

In class day 2:

4. Each student will present their hide in front of the class.
The tee-shirt would work great for this part of the activity.

5. The rest of the class must figure out the story with minimal help from the presenter. The presenter may answer yes and no type questions. The presentation is completed when his or her story is revealed by the group.

6. The students should hand in their hide and article. You
should keep track of the amount of time needed for the
class to reveal the story.



3. trace the history of South Dakota with emphasis on notable South Dakotans such as Red Cloud,
Sitting Bull, John B. S. Todd, Fred T. Evans, Laura Ingalls Wilder, James Scotty Philip, Niels E.
Hansen, Gertrude (Zitkala-Sa) Bonin, Peter Norbeck, and Francis Case; impact of the gold rush;
controversy over statehood; and Indian Wars and reservation life.



2. compare the changing roles and cultures of the individuals role according to gender, age, and occupation in various groups, such as family, community, and social class structure.

Full Script (PDF)



Main Website | Credits | Privacy | Contact SDPB

South Dakota Public Broadcasting


The Story
Teacher's Guide

South Dakota Department of Education and Cultural Affairs

South Dakota Public Broadcasting