Glossary: People of the Bison
Native American pronunciation by Jerome Kills Small
Click on the word for Native American pronunciation
Agency: (noun) Governmental department or location where
Native Americans acquire food, clothing and other necessities.
Bison: (noun) A large mammal of North America with brown fur,
a thick full mane, small curved horns and hooves. Common name is
Dakota : (noun) 1. Group of Native Americans, which includes
the tribes of Mdewakantonwan, Waqpe-tonwon, Sisitonwan,
and Santee. 2. Form of dialect spoken by the Dakota.
Descendant (noun) 1. Proceeding by descent from an ancestor.
2. An individual descended from another.
Galloped (verb) A rapid pace.
Lakota (noun) 1. Group of Native Americans, which includes
the tribes of Itazipco, Oohenunpa, Sihasapa, Oglala, Sicangu,
Hunkpapa, Hohwoju, Minneconjou and Titonwan. 2. Form of dialect
spoken by the Lakota.
Nakota (noun) 1. Group of Native Americans, which includes
the tribes of Ihantunwan and Ihanktunwan na. 2. Form of dialect
spoken by the Nakota.
Powwow (noun) 1. An American Indian ceremony (as for victory
in war) 2. An American Indian social gathering or fair usually
including competitive dancing. A Powwow is also called Wacipi.
Reservation (noun) A tract of land set apart by the federal
government for a special purpose, especially one for the use of a
Native American people.
Segregation (noun) The policy or practice of separating
people of different races, classes, or ethnic groups, as in schools,
housing, and public or commercial facilities, especially as a form
Sioux (noun) A group of Native American peoples, also known
as the Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota inhabiting the northern Great
Plains from Minnesota to eastern Montana and from southern
Saskatchewan to Nebraska. Present-day Sioux populations are located
mainly in North and South Dakota.
Starvation (noun) The act or process of starving.
Tradition (noun) The passing down of elements of a culture
from generation to generation, especially by oral communication.
Fifteen Tribal Groups of Early Native Americans
The seven main divisions were called the Oceti Sakowin or Seven
* Indicates Oceti Sakowin (also called Seven Council Fires,
information on links page)
*Mdewakantonwan - community of the sacred lake
*Waqpe-tonwon - dwellers of the leaves (also called Wahpeton)
*Sisitonwan - village of the marsh (also called Sisseton)
*Waqpe-kute - those who hunt in the woods
(isanti) - those who use knives
*Ihantunwan - those who camp at the end (also called Yankton)
*Ihanktunwanna – those who camp at the lesser end (also called Yanktonais)
*Titonwan - those who live on the prairie (also called Teton)
Itazipco - no bows (also called Sans Arc)
Oohenunpa - those how cook their food twice (also called Two
Sihasapa - black feet (also called Blackfeet)
Oglala - those who scatter them
Sicangu - burning thigh (also called Brule)
Hunkpapa - those who camp by the entrance
Hohwoju - those who plant by the water (also called Minneconjou)
Native American Words
A project of Association of American Indian Affairs and the
*De Un Dakotah Wohdakapo
*Wamanica Wowapi Mitawa
Dakota Dictionary Online
Vocabulary (most found in the sources below)
*The American Heritage Dictionary Second College Edition
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth
Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
*Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary