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Teacher's Guide

New Related Lessons:

Images of the Past: Inquiry - Heat Transfer During this activity your students will design an experiment in which they will investigate the transfer of heat. They will also learn about the D.C. Booth Historic National Fish Hatchery & Archives.

Pheasant: Take Aim, Focus, Draw During this activity your students will learn about the sport of bird watching, which is one of America’s favorite pastimes with more than 50 million birders enjoying the activity in the United States. Your students will learn basic bird watching techniques, like the best time during the day to view birds and how to select the correct location. Then your students will draw a picture of a bird they viewed and/or make a digital photo album for their computer desktop.

Class Activity

To teach your students about archaeology, you can actually let them become archaeologists. Here are the supplies you will need:

§         4-5 shoes boxes (or a larger box)

§         sand or foam peanuts

§         little shovels, buckets, paint brushes(if you’re using sand)

§         artifacts (these can be eating utensils, clothing, hunting materials)

§         a display (probably a large sheet of white paper)

Distribute the items into each of the shoeboxes. Cover the items with sand or foam peanuts. Break the class into archaeological teams and assign each team a shoebox. Have the teams uncover the artifacts that are in each box, or cache pit. Whenever they find an item they should take it to the display. Once the teams have completed their “digs”, have the class gather around the display. The teams will need to use the artifacts that they uncovered to determine the type of culture had lived in the “area”. This is a good way for you to get your students to infer what types of activities these people participated in based on the items that they found.

How to use the following materials

Step 1- Print out the guided notes and distribute to students.
Step 2- Watch the video.
Step 3- Go online and do the activity and take the “challenge” quiz. If you do not have Internet available to all students, a PDF format of the word search and quiz have been provided in the Teachers Guide. Also visit the links that we have posted, and do the fun activity for this episode.
Step 4- Do the class activity. This works well with a writing class. Have the student’s journal about what they thought about while they were “digging” and why they came up with the conclusions that they came up with.

"Activity" Interactive Word Search

Word Search

Answers for Word Search


Guided Notes (PDF)

Guide Notes Answers (PDF)

Quiz (PDF)

Quiz_Answers (PDF)

Fourth Grade History Standards

1. examine various regions of the United States in order to focus on how the following affected development of South Dakota, including site selection of settlements, opportunities available, natural resources, and population influences.

4. analyze issues of concern in South Dakota, including water issues; farming and ranching issues; Indian and Non-Indian relationships; and urban/rural population changes.

Fourth Grade Geography Standards

1. differentiate between state and national boundaries.
2. define regions as categorized by geographic location.
3. use appropriate maps for a specific purpose, including elevation, land use-resource, road maps and mileage tables, time zones, and migration/movement patterns.
4. recognize that longitude and latitude constitute a map grid used in absolute locations
5. locate major South Dakota geographical features, such as the Missouri River; Black Hills and Badlands; and the capital (Pierre) and the following cities: Sioux Falls, Rapid City, Aberdeen, Huron, and Yankton.
6. evaluation of the impact geography has on the inhabitants of South Dakota such as location of cities, transportation, industries, agricultural products, and culture.

Full Script (PDF)

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