Frequently Asked Questions:
What was the Ghost Dance?
The Ghost Dance started in Pyramid Lake, Nevada. A holy man named
Wovoka said a re-born world would come with the new grass of 1891.
Wovoka said it would be a peaceful world with lots of bison to hunt.
Wovoka taught that the new world would become a reality if Indian
people everywhere sang and danced the Ghost Dance.
During the Wounded Knee Massacre, some of the Native Americans
wore Ghost Shirts. What were Ghost Shirts?
Ghost Shirts were soft fabric shirts painted with designs. The
shirts were believed to be able to stop enemy bullets.
Click on the following site to see a Ghost Shirt:
http://www.sdhistory.org/mus/mus_ghdn.htm - SD Historical
What was the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868?
The Fort Laramie Treaty was signed in 1868. The treaty was an
agreement between the Sioux and the U.S. Government that ended the
Red Cloud War in 1868. The treaty required an end to all conflicts
between Native Americans and whites. Among other provisions, the
treaty granted the Native Americans ownership of The Great Sioux
Reservation which included The Black Hills of South Dakota.
For more information click on the following site:
http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/1868_la.html - Fort
Laramie Treaty (Creighton University)
Why didn’t the Fort Laramie Treaty prevent the Wounded Knee
Massacre in 1890?
During the mid-1870s many prospectors entered The Black Hills in
search of gold. The U.S. Army did not keep the prospectors from
entering the area guaranteed to the Native Americans in the 1868
treaty. Conflicts and confrontations started up again between the
whites and Indians. One of the most famous uprisings occurred at the
Battle of Little Big Horn where Custer’s 7th Calvary was defeated.
In 1977 another treaty called The Black Hills Treaty gives The Black
Hills to the U.S. The Native Americans are returned to the Great
Conditions for the Native Americans continued to diminish. The Great
Sioux Reservation was reduced in size and there was a shortage of
food and aid for the Native Americans. The poor conditions lead to a
religious dance called the “Ghost Dance”. The Native Americans
believed the “Ghost Dance” would remove all whites from their land
and return large herds of bison. The whites did not understand the
Native American culture and believed the dance was a calling for
uprising and war. This misunderstanding is believed in part to have
lead to the Massacre at Wounded Knee.
For more information click on the following sites:
- SD Chronological
National Parks Service
Were any Native Americans killed during the siege of Wounded Knee
Yes, two Native Americans were killed during the siege. Also, there
were 7 other injuries reported by Native Americans. One FBI agent
and one U.S. Marshal were also injured during the siege.
For more information click on the following sites:
http://www.usmarshals.gov/history/wounded-knee/ - US
http://www.warriorsofwoundedknee.com/home.htm - A Tattoo
on My Heart: Warriors of Wounded Knee
Did the Wounded Knee Massacre occur in the town of Wounded Knee,
The Wounded Knee Massacre took place at the massacre site which is
located east of the current town of Wounded Knee.
Did the Battle of Little Big Horn take place in South Dakota?
There were many confrontations between whites and Indians in South
Dakota but the Battle of Little Big Horn was not one of them. It
took place in Montana 14 years before the Wounded Knee Massacre of
1890. Lieutenant Colonel George Custer and the Seventh Calvary were
defeated at Little Big Horn, Montana.
Was the Wounded Knee Massacre considered a victory for the
Initially, the battle may have been considered a victory. Some may
have said justice was done for the Seventh Calvary of Little Big
Horn. But that thinking changed as details about the December 29th,
1890 disaster became known. The needless killing of 44 women and 18
children could not be considered a victory.
When are the Dakota Pathways shows aired on SDPB?
Throughout the school year Dakota Pathways will air on Mondays and
Fridays from 2:15pm – 2:30pm CT. Also, we air Dakota Pathways during
the overnight schedule. The overnight schedule can be accessed on
the Internet at http://www.sdpb.org/
, in our monthly SDPB Magazine, or in our weekly education
newsletter. You can receive the SDPB Magazine by calling our Friends
Office at (1-800-333-0789). If you are interested in receiving our
weekly newsletter contact our office at
What age group is Dakota Pathways designed for?
Originally, the show was designed for South Dakota 4th graders;
although, Dakota Pathways is enjoyed by people of all ages.
many South Dakota Public Broadcasting Stations are there?
South Dakota Public Broadcasting is
Dakota's statewide public broadcasting network. SDPB is vital
community resource producing and broadcasting high-quality,
commercial-free programs and valuable community outreach projects
that educate, enlighten and entertain.
||City of License
||near Long Valley
TV - Full Power
DTV - 17
Brookings - Hetland
DTV - 18
Faith - Eagle Butte
DTV - 25
DTV - 15
Martin- Long Valley
DTV - 23
Pierre - Reliance
DTV - 21
DTV - 26
DTV - 24
Vermillion - Beresford
DTV - 34
Follow this link to
cable Television Channel Assignments
How many episodes of Dakota Pathways will be produced?
SDPB TV produced 20 episodes.
||Rails and Other Roads
||Transportation and movement
||Stories from the Skies
||Myths, stories, famous flyers
||The Mighty ‘Mo
||The Missouri River influence
||East River, West River
||Farmers and Ranchers and such
||The First Hunters & Farmers
||Mammoth hunters & early Indian
||Mining Booms and Busts
||Mining in SD
||Water and Dust
||The droughts and floods of SD
||History and Legend
||Wild Bill and other tales
||People of the Bison
||Lakota, Dakota and Nakota peoples
||Headlines and Bulletins
||Newspapers, radio and television
||Blackboards and Computers
||Education history in SD
||Maps and Borders
||Changing borders of the region
||Big Towns and Little Towns
||Sioux Falls to ghost towns
||Sports history of SD
||Finding a National Voice
||Famous politicians & leaders
||History of tourism in South
||The Home Front
||At home during WWI & WWII etc.
||Cowboys of the Open Range
||Cattle ranching, the early days
||SD authors of fiction &
||A Dark Day
||Wounded Knee, the history
How long can I legally use a Dakota Pathway show after I have
All of the Dakota Pathways episodes are produced by SDPB. You have
unlimited educational rights to use these programs. So enjoy them
for years. Note: Some of the shows we air are not produced by SDPB
and only have rights for a year. Please email
if you have questions about other shows.
Feel free to contact
EdServices@sdpb.org if you have additional questions about
any of our shows.