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Frequently Asked Questions:

What is a war bond?

A war bond is a savings bond used to help a nation fund an expensive war.  During WWI and WWII many bonds were sold to Americans on the home front.  The people that purchased the bonds received the satisfaction that they helped support the soldiers abroad. 

For more information about bonds, click on the following site: http://www.treas.gov/offices/treasurer/savings-bonds.shtml

What does the rationing of food mean during war time?

Embargos and the reduction of food production in war zones can lead to a food shortage.  Victory gardens and the rationing of food were two methods of reducing the amount of food used on the home front.  Victory gardens were small gardens grown on empty lots, on top of buildings, and in yards. The food was used to feed families on the home front so more would be available for soldiers on the frontline.  Food rationing was a process of setting limits on the amount of food a person was allowed to purchase.  Some of the foods rationed were meat, sugar, and coffee.

The U.S. Army Quartermaster Museum found in Fort Lee, Virginia has a great site below:  http://www.qmfound.com/army_subsistence_history.htm

Is it true that the Japanese military sent large balloons carrying bombs toward the United States?

Yes it is. Near the end of World War II, the Japanese military sent thousands of large balloons carrying bombs or fire-starting devices across the ocean toward the west coast of the United States.  Most of the balloons dropped along the coast, but a few made it all the way to South Dakota.  One exploded over Belle Fourche, and a rancher found another on the Cheyenne River Reservation.  One of the balloons is on display at the Cultural Heritage Center in Pierre.

For more information click on the following site: http://www.wpafb.af.mil/museum/history/wwii/jbb.htm (National Museum of the US Air Force)

Were missile silos built in the Black Hills area during the Cold War?

Yes they were. The last missile silo was demolished in 1996.  There were 149 missile silos built during the Cold War.

For more information, click here.   

National Park Service – missile silo site:

Who fought on the side of the United States during World War I?

The United States fought for a coalition called the Allied Powers.  The group was comprised of many nations; some of the nations were Russia, Italy, and France.

The opposing powers were called the Central Powers.  The Central Powers included Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire, Germany and Austria-Hungary. 

In what year(s) did the Korean War take place? 

The Korean War lasted from 1950-1953.  Twenty-six thousand South Dakotans fought in the Korean War.

Other United States wars with South Dakota soldiers:

South Dakota

Years (US Involvement) War Soldiers
1917-1918 WWI (Great War) 32,000
1941-1945 WWII 65,000 
1950-1953 Korean 26,000
1963-1973 Vietnam  28,000
1991 Gulf war 5,600


Who fought on the side of the United States during World War II? 

The coalition that the United States fought for was called the Allied Powers.  Some of the members included the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France, and China.

The opposing group was called the Axis Powers.  The group included powerful countries like Italy, Japan, and Germany.

What is a draft and who is in charge of deciding who would be drafted?

Currently, military involvement in the armed forces is on a volunteer basis.  In the event of a long war or threat to national security, a draft could be reinstated. Congress has the authority to reinstate the draft.  A draft is a process in which eligible draftees are called to active duty by the government.   The Selective Service System is in charge of this process. 

For more information, click on the Selective Service website below:   


Why was milkweed silk chosen to make life jackets during WWII? 

Milkweed silk was a natural resource found in the United States.  The fibers are water resistant and they have a low density. Children, including those in the South Dakota, collect 14,000 bags of milkweed pods. 

Click on the site below to see a milkweed pod:

(Colorado State University Cooperative Extension)

Click on the South Dakota site below to learn more about life jackets:


Were tanks used during World War I?

Yes, tanks were used during World War I.  They looked different than the tanks you see today in Iraq, but they were still effective.  Below you will find a great site, Photos of the Great War: World War One Image Archives, which includes many great photos:


United States Army webpage – 2005 tank photos

The U.S. Ordinance Museum Foundation Inc. – Great tank photos:


What is an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)??

An Intercontinental Ballistic Missile is a missile designed to travel a great distance. Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles are designed to fire from one continent to another. The missiles are powered by rockets which fire for a short period of time. The missiles follow a set path called a trajectory. The missiles are guided by the initial trajectory and air resistance.

Click on the following site for more information: http://www.nps.gov/mimi/(National Park Service – Minuteman Missile)

When are the Dakota Pathways shows aired on SDPB?

Throughout the school year Dakota Pathways will air on Mondays and Fridays from 2:15pm – 2:30pm CT. Also, we air Dakota Pathways during the overnight schedule. The overnight schedule can be accessed on the Internet at http://www.sdpb.org/ , in our monthly SDPB Magazine, or in our weekly education newsletter. You can receive the SDPB Magazine by calling our Friends Office at (1-800-333-0789). If you are interested in receiving our weekly newsletter contact our office at EdServices@sdpb.org .

What age group is Dakota Pathways designed for?

Originally, the show was designed for South Dakota 4th graders; although, Dakota Pathways is enjoyed by people of all ages.

How many South Dakota Public Broadcasting Stations are there?

South Dakota Public Broadcasting is
South Dakota's statewide public broadcasting network. SDPB is vital community resource producing and broadcasting high-quality, commercial-free programs and valuable community outreach projects that educate, enlighten and entertain.


Call Sign Frequency City of License Transmitter Site Air Date
KUSD-FM 89.7 mHz Vermillion near Beresford October 1967
KESD-FM 88.3 mHz Brookings  near Hetland July 1967
KBHE-FM 89.3 mHz Rapid City Rapid City March 1984
KTSD-FM 91.1 mHz Reliance near Reliance February 1984
KDSD-FM 90.9 mHz Pierpont near Pierpont April 1984
KQSD-FM 91.9 mHz Lowry near Lowry June 1988
KPSD-FM 97.1 mHz Faith near Faith June 1989
KZSD-FM 102.5 mHz Martin near Long Valley July 1991
KCSD-FM 90.9 mHz Sioux Falls Sioux Falls July 1985


TV - Full Power Transmitters   

Aberdeen KDSD-TV Channel 16 DTV - 17
Brookings - Hetland KESD-TV Channel   8 DTV - 18
Faith - Eagle Butte KPSD-TV Channel 13 DTV - 25
Lowry KQSD-TV Channel 11 DTV - 15
Martin- Long Valley KZSD-TV  Channel   8 DTV - 23
Pierre - Reliance KTSD-TV  Channel 10 DTV - 21
Rapid City KBHE-TV Channel   9 DTV - 26
Sioux Falls KCSD-TV Channel 23 DTV - 24
Vermillion - Beresford KUSD-TV  Channel   2 DTV - 34

Low Power Translators

Aberdeen Channel 7
Belle Fourche Channel 19
Edgemont Channel 64
Mitchell Channel 9
Pringle Channel 55
Pine Ridge Channel 6
Spearfish Channel 4
Wagner Channel 55
Wasta Channel 13

Follow this link to cable Television Channel Assignments

How many episodes of Dakota Pathways will be produced?

SDPB TV produced 20 episodes.

Program Number Title Subjects
101 Rails and Other Roads Transportation and movement
102 Stories from the Skies Myths, stories, famous flyers
103 The Mighty ‘Mo The Missouri River influence
104 East River, West River Farmers and Ranchers and such
105 The First Hunters & Farmers Mammoth hunters & early Indian life
106 Mining Booms and Busts Mining in SD
107 Water and Dust The droughts and floods of SD
108 History and Legend Wild Bill and other tales
109 People of the Bison Lakota, Dakota and Nakota peoples
110 Headlines and Bulletins Newspapers, radio and television
111 Blackboards and Computers Education history in SD
112 Maps and Borders Changing borders of the region
113 Big Towns and Little Towns Sioux Falls to ghost towns
114 Playing Games Sports history of SD
115 Finding a National Voice Famous politicians & leaders
116 On Vacation History of tourism in South Dakota
117 The Home Front At home during WWI & WWII  etc.
118 Cowboys of the Open Range Cattle ranching, the early days
119 Telling Stories SD authors of fiction & non-fiction
120 A Dark Day Wounded Knee, the history

How long can I legally use a Dakota Pathway show after I have taped it?

All of the Dakota Pathways episodes are produced by SDPB. You have unlimited educational rights to use these programs. So enjoy them for years. Note: Some of the shows we air are not produced by SDPB and only have rights for a year. Please email EdServices@sdpb.org  if you have questions about other shows.

Feel free to contact EdServices@sdpb.org  if you have additional questions about any of our shows.

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